California absolutely unfit for habitation Nachrichten von der Amerikanische Halbinsel Californien: mit einem zweyfachen Anhang falscher Nachrichten. Geschrieben von einem Priester der Gesellschaft Jesu, welcher lang darinn diese letztere Jahr gelebt hat. Mannheim, Churfürstliche Hof und Academie Buchdruckerey, 1772. 8vo. With an engraved folding map and two full-page plates engraved by E. Verelst, some woodcut pictorial frames for letters, and several nice woodcut head- and tailpieces. Contemporary half calf. First edition of a rare Americanum. Jakob Baegert (1717-1772), a German Jesuit, wrote an interesting and by no means glowing account of the natives and the country "California" (the Baja Peninsula). Cowan comments in his note that, "according to his accounts the country was absolutely unfit for habitation; it was inhabited by wild and ferocious beasts; peopled by cruel and inhospitable savages; water was unfit to use; wood was scarce; the soil would not sustain life". It was written to disabuse the public mind as to the rumoured mineral riches and pearls from California, which had spread from Mexico to Madrid, and Germany. The book is nonetheless filled with valuable ethnographical and historical information. Chapter 20 is devoted to the Waicuri language of the California Indians. The map shows the location of the many Jesuit missions in the Baja, and shows Baegert's route along the west coast of Mexico in 1751 and his return route in 1768, after the expulsion of the Jesuits.
Sachgebiete: Amerika, Völkerkunde/Ethnographie, Geschichte, Jesuiten
COEHOORN, Menno van.
First German edition (2nd issue) of a great masterpiece of Dutch fortification Neuer Vestungs-Bau. Düsseldorff, Jacobus von Wesel (colophon: printed by the heirs of Johann Kattepoel), 1709. 4to. With 14 (of 15) folding engraved plates. Contemporary tanned sheepskin. First German edition (second issue) of one of the greatest classics of the art of fortification, by the Inspector General of Dutch fortifications and Master General of the artillery, Menno van Coehoorn. While the Dutch had established themselves as the greatest masters of fortification during the Eighty Years' War for Dutch independence from Spain, the art did not stand still after peace came temporarily in 1648. Although a few Dutch engineers spoke out for reform, the Frenchman Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban (1633-1707) was to dominate the field with his fortifications, defensive and especially offensive strategies, and publications on the subjects from the 1670s. Van Coehoorn (1641-1704), Vauban's only major rival, took a very different approach, more practical than theoretical, with his great fortification manual in 1685. He deployed troops more actively in the defence of fortifications and tailored his designs and strategies to the particular features of the site. This made them especially important for fortifications and siege warfare in the marshy flat lands of the Low Countries, circumstances less familiar to Vauban.
Sachgebiete: Architektur, Festungsbau, Deutschland, Militaria
[COSTUMES - MILITARY - EUROPE]. ENGELBRECHT, Martin & C.P. MAJ.
A magnificent and extremely rare contemporary hand-coloured suite of 115 numbered plates of the protagonists of the Austrian Succession wars [115 contemporary hand-coloured engraved plates picturing 18th-century European military life]. Augsburg, Martin Engelbrecht, ca. 1742. Folio. 115 engraved and magnificent hand-coloured plates, highlighted with gold and silver, drawn by C.P. Maj and executed and printed by the Augsburg engraver and art publisher Martin Engelbrecht (1684-1756). With separately printed engraved captions consisting of a (sometimes 2-line) title and a poem of 4 or 5 lines in French below each plate (except plates 55-56 which have a German caption printed below and a French caption in the plate), pointing out the characteristics of the man depicted. Modern red morroco, marbled sides. Extremely rare suite with 115 hand-coloured plates of the protagonists of the Austrian Succession wars. This collection of costume plates is very rare: neither Lipperheide nor Colas records it and we find only a few separate plates on the market and in libraries. We find only 7 sets recorded in the last 100 years with varing make-up and number of plates. The work was apparently also published and sold with the title Theatre de la milice etrangere: Schau-Bühne verschiedener bisher in Teutschland unbekant gewester Soldaten von ausländischer Nationen, also published by Engelbrecht (ca. 1746?), but with other, bilingual French and German captions printed below the plates. The plates show us lively pictures of the protagonists, especially of the foreign mercenaries, in action - often fiercely and ruthlessly - on the battlefields of 18th-century Europe during the War of the Austrian Succession and the first and second Selesian wars (ca. 1740-1748), the last Great Power conflict with the Bourbon-Habsburg dynastic conflict at its heart, and marked by the rise of Prussia as a major power. Thirty engravings are devoted to the Habsburg monarchy's military border, including a portrait of their famous commander Colonel Baron Francis von der Trenck (1711-1749), while fifteen more show Scottish Highlanders (“Montagnards d’Ecosse”), eleven Hungarian foot soldiers (“Tolpatches”), six Prussian Hussars from the regiment of Baron Johann Daniël von Menzel, including a portrait of him, six Fantasins (infantry from Carlstadt (Karlovac, Croatia), Uhlanen (light Polish-Lithuanian cavalry), Hajduk (irregular infantry), Dalmatians (Morlachs), Serbs and Croats (Varasdin). There are plates of officers and commanders as well as common soldiers, many fighting on horseback; some soldiers waving the flag of their unit, or playing the flute, trumpet, drums or bagpipes. Some are depicted with their wives (or mistresses) and children, including a plate of a sutler (someone who sold provisions); many apear against an interesting background picturing camps, cities, fortresses and soldiers cooking or being punished.
Sachgebiete: Österreich, Europa, Ungarn , Illustrierte Bücher, Militaria
EISNER, Josef, [and others?].
64 lovely coloured views of Vienna and vicinity in Beethoven’s time Collection de vues des prinéipaux [recté principaux] palais, eglises, bâtimens publies, campagnes & jardins tant de Vienne que de ses environs. | Ansichten Sam[m]lung der berühmtesten Palläste, Gebäude, und der schönsten Gegenden von und um Wien. Vienna, Maria Geissler, . Large oblong 16m? (11 x 13.5 cm). With an engraved title-page and 64 (of a possible 100) engraved plates numbered 1-56, 58-61, and odd numbers 63-73 (including 2 folding plates with 2 numbers each, 21/22 and 23/24). Hand-coloured in watercolour by a contemporary hand. Contemporary half sheepskin, gold-tooled spine. A series of charming views of Vienna and its environs in the middle of Beethoven's thirty-five years there, around the time Wagner was born there, and about eight years after it became the capital of the new Austrian Empire, including views of Baden, Klosterneuburg, Bratislava and other neighbouring sites, all attractively and artistically coloured by a contemporary hand. It shows palaces, castles and ruins, churches, chapels and the Vienna cathedral, gardens and pavilions, city streets and squares, the spa at Baden, Christoph de Bach's Circus Gymnasticus, the lavish Apollo Saal, views along the Danube and more. The famous streets, squares, buildings and interiors appear bustling with fashionable ladies and gentlemen, pedestrians and horse-drawn carriages, and the river full of boats. Four views are signed by the artist, Josef Eisner (1788-1861), and about a third by the engraver, mostly Johann Jaresch (but two by Johann Boehm (ca. 1770-post 1821), probably as engraver). All plates are captioned in French and German, and numbered in the centre.
Sachgebiete: Österreich, Illustrierte Bücher, Ortsansichten
French edition of Forster’s acclaimed and influential Ansichten vom Niederrhein Voyage philosophique et pittoresque, sur les rives du Rhin, a Liège, dans la Flandre, le Brabant, la Hollande, l'Angleterre, la France, etc. fait en 1790, ... Paris, F. Buisson and Charles Pougens, l'an VIII [= 1800]. 3 volumes. 8vo. With a folding engraved map of Great Britain and 9 folding engraved views of famous English buildings. Contemporary mottled, tanned sheepskin (tree pattern), gold-tooled spines. Second French edition of what is considered Forster's major work, Ansichten vom Niederrhein. Forster's fame was instantly established when he published an impressive account of James Cook's second voyage around the world in 1778-1780. The present work details Forster's travels with Alexander von Humboldt to France, Germany and the Netherlands, intertwined with observations on politics, history, nature, and the arts and sciences. Fusing Enlightenment with early Romanticism, it "consolidated Forster's reputation as the master of subjective 'artistic' observation and description, which had a profound impact on the travel writing and landscape painting of the era" (Reusch). The third volume contains observations on Britain and British culture. The illustrations include a large map of Great Britain and 9 beautiful folding views, showing Westminster Cathedral, Windsor castle, St. Paul's, the House of the Lord Major of London, the London Stock exchange, Covent garden, the Hospital at Chelsea and at Greenwich and Hampton Court.
Sachgebiete: Deutschland, Geschichte, Reisen/Reiseliteratur, Großbritannien, Ortsansichten
First and only edition of an important manual on the construction of telescopes and microscopes: the first work by one of Euler’s most important students, printed in St. Petersburg Instruction détaillée pour porter les lunettes de toutes les différentes especes au plus haut degré de perfection dont elles sont susceptibles tirée de la théorie dioptrique de Mr. Euler le pere et mise a la portée de tous les ouvriers en ce genre. Avec la description dún microscope qui peut passer pour le plus parfait dans son espèce et qui est propre à produire tous les grossissemens qu'on voudra. St. Petersburg, Académie Imp. des Sciences, 1774. 4to. With 2 folding engraved plates, a woodcut headpiece, tailpiece and factotum, and decorations built up from cast typographic ornaments. Contemporary Russian mottled calf, sewn on 5 cords, gold-tooled spine (with lyres in the 3rd and 5th of 6 compartments, a Greek key at the foot, and other decorations) with red morocco label in the 2nd compartment (“INSTR|P. LES|LUNET”) , Dutch-marbled paste-downs, red edges, headbands in green and white. Rebacked (ca. 1810?). First and only edition of an important manual on the construction of telescopes and microscopes, the first publication by Nicolas Fuss (1755-1826), who grew up in a modest Swiss family but was to become one of the leading mathematicians and astronomers of his generation. Daniel Bernoulli discovered Fuss’s mathematical abilities already at an early age and in 1772 recommended him as secretary to Leonhard Euler, then living in Russia. Euler studied the theory of the construction of compound microscope and telescope lenses, and also studied achromatic objectives after their discovery. Fuss was seventeen years old when he arrived in St. Petersburg, where he would spend the rest of his life. He wrote his first papers, with purely practical goals, under Euler's direct guidance. The majority of Fuss's writings present solutions to problems raised by Euler, in the fields of mathematics, mechanics, astronomy and geodesy. Euler's memoirs had been published earlier, but they were inaccessible to most people working in optics. Fuss published the present work, giving a very simple and rather schematic résumé of Euler's work. He listed "a number of formulae for the construction of telescopes with a magnification of five to fifty times, for achromatic telescopes with three lenses and a magnification from 25 to 320 times, and for achromatic telescopes with four or five lenses" (Daumas). Fuss gave all the necessary theoretical measurements for constructing these instruments. It ends with a description of a microscope with an achromatic objective of three lenses. Although the present work was meant as a manual for practitioners, it had no great influence in the manner of production. Its publication in St. Petersburg no doubt led many European astronomers and lens makers to overlook it. It was nevertheless "appreciated by his contemporaries, and doubtless inspired the attempts to produce achromatic microscopes made at the end of the eighteenth and in the early nineteenth century" (Daumas). Although the paper used for the book itself may have been imported (laid paper without watermark) and most of the types used were cut in Germany, the endpapers show a watermark and countermark of the Russkaya fabrika Fëdora Kolesova on the Terminka River near Velsk: cyrillic RF and FK monograms = scrollwork cartouche with an elongated letter (M?) or monogram, the mark and countermark close to Uchastkina 809 (used in 1770) and mill 195 (p. 147).
Sachgebiete: Astronomie, Russland, Instrumente (Technik), Technik
The history of North Friesland, with a folding map and 5 town plans Ernewerte Nordfresische Chronick, darin die Beschreibung derer dem Schleßwigischen Hertzogthum incorporirten Freschen Landschafften, ... Schleswig, Johann Holwein for the author, 1668. 4to. Engraved frontispiece (with the title on a drape flanked by the goddess Phoseta or Fosta, with arrows and wheat, and the mythological hero “Waeda” (Wada or Wate?), depicted with wings, a shield and a helmut; 5 town plans and a portrait of the author), engraved folding map of North Friesland (at a scale of about 1: 450,000) dated 1668, a folding letterpress genealogical table, woodcut tailpieces and decorated initials, and decorations built up from typographic ornaments. Set in fraktur types with incidental rotunda gothic, roman and Greek. 18th-century gold-tooled mottled calf, sewn on recessed supports, each board with a centrepiece, spine divided into 6 fields by double fillets, with the title etc. in the 2nd and 3rd fields and a sunflower(?) in each of the others, gold-tooled board edges, marbled endpapers (curl pattern with red, yellow, blue, green and white in that order). Rebacked, preserving the original backstrip. Second (and last early) edition, enlarged by the author, of a rare extensive history of North Friesland (the west coast of the Duchy of Schleswig in present-day Germany) from its mythological origins to 1667, by Antonius Heimreich, first published in 1666, also by Holwein. The five town plans on the frontispiece depict Tönder (now in Denmark), Bredstedt, Husum, Garding and Tönning. The map was engraved by the brothers Matthias and Nicolas Petersen, goldsmiths in Husum, and the frontispiece by Matthias alone. The present edition includes the author’s dedication to Christian Albrecht (1641-1695), Prince-Bishop of Lübeck and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf. Heimreich (1626-1685) was a minister of the Evangelical Lutheran Church and came from a family of Schleswig ministers. Catalogues give widely varying pagination for this edition, but it collates: a-b4 *4 c4 A-3G4 3H2 = 230 ll. The copy at the Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek (if it survived the 2004 fire) has an additional quire )(4 between b and *, not normally included. The preliminaries include, following the dedication, a preface, laudatory verses and an 8-page list of sources. A table of contents and index appear at the end. No further edition appeared until Nikolaus Falck edited it in 1819.
Sachgebiete: Deutschland, Geschichte, Schleswig-Holstein
ISSELBURG, Peter and Georg REMUS.
First edition of an important German emblem book, in an attractive binding Emblemata politica. In aula magna Curiae Noribergensis depicta quae sacra virtutum suggerunt monita prudenter administrandi fortiterque defendendi Rempublicam. [Nuremberg, Peter Isselburg, 1617]. Small 4to (19 x 14 cm). With an engraved title-page, engraved dedication with the Nuremberg coat of arms and the coat of arms of the eight Nuremberg Senators, and 32 engraved plates with emblems, with engraved captions above and four-line Latin verses below. Modern brown morocco with a large panel on both sides of green imitation reptile skin, encrusted with small gems in centre, chamois endleaves, with matching half morocco chemise and matching half morocco slipcase (Perez-Noriega, 1995). First edition of a political emblem book with engravings by Peter Isselburg (1580-ca. 1630) and published directly from the artist's workshop. After the title-page and the leaf with the coats of arms, are five letterpress text leaves, explaining the origin and significance of the 32 emblems generally, with verses in German providing explanations for each individual emblem, also including bibliographical references. Both the text and the Latin verses below each emblem are by George Remus (1561-1625). The designs of the emblems are based on the paintings of the great chamber of the city hall of Nuremberg. The present copy has been recently rebound in a attractive bibliophile binding by Antonio Perez-Noriega, a master pupil of Jean de Gonet.
Sachgebiete: Emblemata, Deutschland, Illustrierte Bücher, Politik
A rare Czech translation of a Turkish chronicle Kronyka Nowa O Narodu Tureckem, na dwa Djili rozdelena. Prague, Daniel Adam, 1594. 2 volumes bound as 1. Small 4to (19.5 x 15.5 cm). With the title-page of volume 1 printed in red and black, and the colophon with large woodcut printer's device; the 2nd volume with woodcut ornament on the title-page, and the colophon with a woodcut vignette. Contemporary vellum, spine ribbed, boards blind-stamped and blind-ruled, 2 leather straps with brass clasps (later). Extremely rare first Czech edition of a famous Turkish chronicle, translated after the German by Jan Kocin. The text was based on a 16th-century Turkish manuscript by Muhammed ibn Hasanjan, called Saadeddin, which described the Turkish history up to the year 1550. This manuscript was brought from Istanbul by the Austrian scholar Hieronymus Beck in 1551, and subsequently translated into German by Joannes Gautier, or Spiegel, the interpreter of the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I. Gautier augmented the manuscript with a continuation of the history to the year 1588, and this version was rendered into Latin by Joannes Leunclavius, or Hans Lewenklau. Surprisingly, the Latin version was published first (in 1588), followed by an again enlarged German version in 1590, which continued the chronicle to the year 1590. This German translation formed the basis for the present Czech edition, which includes translations from Ghiselin de Busbecq's Itinera Constantinopolitanum et Amasianum and De acie contra Turcam instruenda consilium.
Sachgebiete: Tschechien , Geschichte, Türkei
OERTEL (ORTELIUS), Hieronymus.
The history of the Austro-Hungarian region from 1395-1612 Chronologia oder historische Beschreibung aller Kriegsempörungen unnd Belägerungen der Stätt und Vestungen auch Scharmützeln und Schlachten so in Ober und Unter Ungern auch Siebenbürgen mit dem Turcken von Ao. 1395 biss auff gegenwertige Zeit denckhwürtig geschehen. Alles gründlich unnd ordenlich (dergleichen vorniemals in Truck aussgangen) zusammen verfast und beschrieben. Nuremberg, Christoff Lochner for Johann Sibmacher, 1604. With engraved title in elaborately decorated border with cavalry, arms and armour, large engraved folding map (28 x 51 cm), 30 double-page engraved views, 26 full-page engraved portraits, woodcut initials and head- and tailpieces. With: (2) OERTEL (ORTELIUS), Hieronymus. Continuatio des Hungerischen und Sibenbürgischen Kriegwesens vom 1. Januari anno 1603 bis auf jetziges 1604. Nuremberg, Christoff Lochner for Johann Sibmacher, 1604. (3) OERTEL (ORTELIUS), Hieronymus. Viertter Thail des Hungerischen und Sibenbürgischen Kriegswesens, was sich seithero Anno 1604 bis auf Ao. 1607 inn der ausgestandnen Rebellion mit dem Türcken, Rebellen und ihrem Anhang ... zugetragen ... [Nuremberg, ca. 1613]. With engraved title-page, engraved portrait of the author, signed "H .V.". (4) OERTEL (ORTELIUS), Hieronymus. Appendix partis quartae Chronologiae Ungaricae, das ist; warhafftige ausführliche historische Beschreibung: was gestallt der aller durchleuchtigist Fürst und Herr herr Matthias Ertz Herzog zu Oesterreich, etc. Montags den 19 Novembris anno 1608 ... und zum Römischen Kayser erkäret worden (ist; 1612) ... Nuremberg, Wolffgang Endter for the heirs of the author, 1622. With engraved portrait of author on the back of the title-page, and a folding engraved plate showing cavalry. 4 volumes bound as 1. 4to. Contemporary vellum, manuscript title on spine, original ties, blue edges. Complete text of a highly important historical work in 4 separately published volumes - here bound together - on the military history of the Austro-Hungarian region, including Transylvania, during the years 1395 -1612, describing all the wars, sieges of cities and fortresses, battles with the Turks and other noteworthy events in Hungary, written and assiduously recorded by Hieronymus Oertel or Ortelius (1543-1614). Nothing like this was ever printed before. Especially the period 1592-1612 is treated in great detail since the author included eyewitness reports on the Turkish invasions in the region. The author, a notary at the imperial court, was encouraged to write the work by his brother-in-law, Johann Sibmacher, a Nuremberg engraver and publisher, who was also responsible for the engraved plates in the first volume which includes a large engraved folding map of Hungary, Transylvania, and Moldavia (28 x 51 cm). This chronicle on Hungary was published in 4 separate volumes. The first volume, here in its third edition, is divided into 3 parts, and treats the period 1395-1602. The first edition was published in 1602 by the same publisher and was printed by Valentin Fuhrmann (VD17 12:189269T; second edition: Nuremberg, Johann Sibmacher, 1603). The preliminaries contain notes on the Hungarian kings (pp. 1-8), notes on the Turkish sultans and emperors (pp. 9-12), and a note on the original name of Hungary (pp. 13-14). At the end there is a list of all the cities and fortifications mentioned in the chronicle and appearing on the large folding map showing the Austro-Hungarian region, together with their co-ordinates. The 30 double-page plates show a.o. the sieges and the fortifications of the following cities: Vienna, Zolnoch, Tocaky, Guyla, Zigeth, Sysegk, Palotta, Villeck, Raab, Comorra, Gran, Vizzegrad, Tergovist, Temeswar, Hatwan, Petrina, Tottis, Papa, Waitzen, Budapest (Ofen & Pest 2x), Tolna, Stulweisenburg, Canisha, the execution of count Hardeck and an execution at Canisha. The cities were either besieged by the Turkss or the Turkish cities by the Christians. The 26 full-page portraits show the Turkish sultans and the Hungarian military commanders and rulers. These first 3 parts were followed by the Continuatio (ad 2), here in the second edition (first edition: 1603), describing the events from January 1603 until December 1603, followed by the Viertter Thail (ad 3) on the period 1604 till February1607. The Appendix to the fourth part (ad 4) was first published in 1613 and is here in its second edition (1622). It describes the life of King Matthias of Austria (1557-1619) from June 1608 to his election and coronation as Roman Emperor in July 1612.
Sachgebiete: Österreich, Osteuropa, Geschichte, Ungarn , Militaria
Original editions of a very extensively annotated Phaedrus edition, together a translation in German by Daniel Hartnack Fabularum libri quinque, cum notis Danielis Hartnacci, Pomerani, historicis, ritualibus, moralibus, & philologicis. Lübeck, Johann Wiedemeyer (sold in Frankfurt & Leipzig; printed by Heinrich Urban in Rudolfstadt), 1697. 8vo. With an engraved plate showing an oval portrait of Daniel Hartnack above a bookcasepasted to the inside front board, and an engraved frontispiece (Arion hurling himself into the sea performing his last song before he was rescued by a dolphin, with title: Danielis Hartnacci Observationes philologiae… ad libr. quinque Fabularum Phaedri), title-page in red and black. With: PHAEDRUS. Fünff Bücher seiner Fabeln, oder Gedichte und Geschichte, nach Ordnung der Construction, Sinn-, und Wort-Verstand verdolmetschet: mit Gedoppelten … Imitationen, aus … drinn erhatenen Redens-Arten, samt beygefügter Lateinschen Paraphrasi des Herrn Danzet; Der Jugend zum besten ans Licht gegeben von Daniele Hartnaccio. Frankfurt & Leipzig, for Johann Wiedermayer in Lübeck, 1696. 8vo. Marbled paper over boards with vellum spine label. Ad 1: Phaedrus’s Fables in the original Latin verse (adapted from Aesop’s Greek prose), here in the first edition to include the incredibly extensive annotations, with abundant historical, moral and philological notes and explanations by Daniel Hartnack (1642-1708; also known as David Maphanafus), a professor and rector of the Latin Schools of Frankfurt a.d. Oder, Erfurt, Bremen and Altona. He also edited and translated several other classical Latin authors. One of his critics, referring to his extensive Phaedrus notes: wrote “… quibus Phaedrum multo saepius obruit, quam illustravit”. Ad 2: the first edition of Hartneck’s complementary edition of Paedrus’s Fables where he has broken up each story into words and phrases that he presents with a German translation phrase by phrase or word by word, so that each sentence jumps back and forth between Latin and German, again with each fable followed by extensive comments and notes. He follows these fables with German prose “imitations” of Phaedrus’s fables and Danzet’s Latin prose paraphrases of the Latin verses in ad 1. The Latin text in the first part does not exactly follow either the verses in ad 1 or the prose paraphrases of the present work. The title-page notes that this edition is intended as an aid to young people, whose Latin is presumably still rudimentary.
Sachgebiete: Altertum, Fabeln, Italien, Literatur bis ca. 1900
PIGAFETTA, Filippo and Duarte LOPEZ.
One of the earliest sources on the Congo and central Africa, complete with all plates and maps Relatione del reame di Congo et delle circonvicine contrade tratta dalli scritti & ragionamenti di Odoardo Lopez. Rome, Bartolomeo Grassi, . 4to. With an integral engraved architectural title-page (with the coat of arms of the dedicatee Antonio Migliore, Bishop of San Marco), large folding engraved general map of Africa (64 x 44 cm), large folding engraved map of the Congo (43.5 x 51.5 cm), 8 numbered folding engraved plates of plants, animals and inhabitants of the country, by Natalis Bonifazio, 4 woodcut initials (2 series) and a decoration built up from arabesque fleurons. Contemporary limp sheepskin parchment, manuscript title on spine. First edition of one of the main sources for authentic information on central Africa. Filippo Pigafetta, a relative of Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan's companion on his first circumnavigation of the world, based his work on the information he collected from the Portuguese traveller Duarte Lopez, who sailed to the Congo in 1578 and stayed in Loanda until 1587. Alvarus, King of the Congo, appointed him ambassador to Pope Sixtus V and to Philip II of Spain to expose to them the critical situation of Christianity in the Congo and to solicit help, money, missionaries and soldiers, to show various specimens of minerals and to offer to the Portuguese the advantages of free trade. On his return to Africa, with no more than vague promises, Lopez was shipwrecked on the coast of Venezuela. In 1589 he returned to the Congo and nothing more was heard of him. Pigafetta's important and beautifully illustrated account deals with the geography of the country, its animals, the inhabitants and their customs, the Portuguese trade, missionary activities, etc. Of special interest are his history and descriptions of Congolese tribes and their kings. The work was immediately popular and translations appeared in Dutch (Amsterdam, 1596), English (London, 1597), Latin and German (Frankfurt, 1598). The Latin translation was placed by the De Bry's at the head of their "Collection of Voyages to the East". It remained the main source for information on the Congo and central Africa up to the middle of the 19th century. Daniel Defoe used this narrative as a source for his 1720 fictitious account of Captain Singleton's journey through Africa. The present work is not only important for its contents, but also for the beautiful large folding engraved maps: one in bird's eye view of Congo, dated 1591, with its rivers, cities and mountains, and with a large dedicatory cartouche to the bishop Antonio Migliore, with his coat of arms and his device "Il n'est Rose sans Epine", the papal coat of arms of Sixtus V, and the coat of arms of Alvarus, the first king of the Congo; the other showing the whole of Africa with names of the countries and the rivers, the oceans with islands, sailing ships and fishes, and with two dedicatory cartouches, one to pope Sixtus V, with his coat of arms, the other to bishop Antonio Migliore, with his coat of arms and device. The 8 engraved plates show a palm tree, a zebra, costumes of a nobleman and his servant, of warriors, of a lady, her maid and a lower-class woman, and the manner of travelling on litters, in hammocks and in sedan-chairs. Only the general map of Africa is signed, by Natalis Bonifazio, an engraver working in Rome, but there can be no doubt that the other map, the title-page and the plates were also done by the same artist.
Sachgebiete: Afrika, Kartographie, Geschichte, Illustrierte Bücher, Landkarten
“German” Europe in the early 16th century, and Hispaniola in America Germaniae ex variis scriptoribus perbrevis explicatio. Augsburg, Heinrich Steiner, 1530. Small 8vo (15.5 x 10.5 cm). Title in a wide woodcut ornamented border with five dancing putti at the foot, horns, masks, foliage, etc., 2 woodcut historiated initials. Set in an Aldine-style italic (with a schwabacher gothic w!) with a word of Greek. Modern brown shell-marbled boards. Rare second(?) edition (published in the same year as the first) of a Latin treatise on the geography of “Germany”, interpreted very broadly to include the Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland and some regions in eastern Europe, where “Germans” lived or had lived. The last three pages discuss recent Spanish discoveries in America (suggesting some may have been discovered by the Carthaginians but kept secret), including the island Hispaniola (noting the observation of an eclipse there in 1494, in fact by Columbus) off the continent that Pickheimer says the Spanish call “Sanctae Marthae”. He also mentions Mexico, Temistitan (Mexico City) and not far from them the island[!] Yucatan and other newly discovered islands (“à qua etiam non longe remota est insula Iucatan cum aliis nuper repertus”). The present edition and the other 1530 edition (Nürnberg, Johann Petreius: VD16 P2905 & P2906, USTC 659603 & 659602) have the same dedication to Hermann von Neuenahr the elder, dated 1 July 1530, and neither has a colophon, but since the dedication is dated from Nürnberg, the Nürnberg edition seems likely to be the first and the present Augsburg edition the second (though Von Neuenahr died a few months later in Augsburg). At least 10 further editions appeared in the course of the 16th century. The present edition collates: A-D8 E4 = 36 ll., with E4 blank. Alden & Landis mistakenly interpret “Augustae” as Augustae Trebocorum (Strasbourg) but Steiner’s other publications show it means Augustae Vindelicorum (Augsburg). Willibald Pirckheimer (1470-1530) was a German Renaissance lawyer, author and humanist, a wealthy and prominent figure in 16th-century Nuremberg and a member of the governing city council for two periods. He was the closest friend of the artist Albrecht Dürer, who made a number of portraits of him, and a close friend of the great humanist and theologian Erasmus. Pirckheimer was educated in Italy, studying law at Padua and Pavia for seven years. His 1525 edition of Ptolemy's Geographia (reprinted in 1535, 1540 and 1541), greatly impressed Erasmus and set the stage for his present treatise, which tries to locate the cities, rivers and mountains in Europe, mentioned by classical authors like Ptolemy, Plinius, Caesar, Tacitus and others, and link them to their 16th-century names.
Sachgebiete: Amerika, Österreich, Deutschland, Geschichte, Schweiz
RANGO, Konrad Tiburtius.
Three rare German treatises, including the first work on wigs and a work on the night De capillamentis seu vulgô Paruquen, liber singularis. Magdeburg, Tobias Schröter and Johan Müller, 1663. With an engraved frontispiece by A. Fröhlich after the author and an engraved title-page. With: (2) CRUSIUS, Jacobus Andreas. De nocte et nocturnis officiis, tam sacris, quam prophanis, lucubrationes historico-philologico-juridicae; ... Bremen, Jacob Köhler, 1660. (3) WERNER, Johann Nicolaus. Corpusculum philologicum variis rerum & verborum observationibus refertum; cui addita est Oratio M. Johannis Weitzii De dilatione fugenda. Cum indice rerum & verborum. Arnstadt, Caspar Freyschmid, 1662. 3 works in 1 volume. 12mo. Contemporary vellum, manuscript title on spine. Ad 1. First and only edition of an early work on wigs, by the German theologian and naturalist Konrad Tiburtius Rango (1639-1700), who was the first to deal with this subject extensively. He begins with a collection of citations from classical authors commenting upon artificial hair, and continues on different types of wigs and how to fabricate them, suggesting for women to use a (hot) tobacco pipe to make curls. Rango also poses the question whether it is appropriate to wear a wig when you don't really need one. He is less critical compared to other German and European authors in this period, when the use of wigs became more and more fashionable; according to some it was even sinful to wear a wig. The engraved frontispiece shows a man looking through a telescope with the word "historia" on its tube, pointed at a sphere in the sky incorporating a head with a wig and wigmaker's tools. The engraved title-page shows a corridor flanked by two obelisks with (left) the names of ancient civilizations ("Medi, Persae, Graeci, Romani"), and (right) with the Latin names of modern civilisations ("Galli, Angli, Germani, Sarmate"). The banner in the middle bears the title De Capillamentis libri duo, suggesting that originally the work was planned to comprise two parts, but eventually the complete text was published in a single volume. Ad 2. First edition of a work on the night and nocturnal activities, by the German lawyer Jacobus Andreas Crusius (1636-1680), who studied in Wittenberg, Leipzig and Helmstädt. The text is divided into 24 chapters, dealing with, among many other things, Greek and Roman night activities, profane and religious practices during the night, the practices of the early Christian church during the night, when Christian were still persecuted in the Roman Empire, night watches, the "secrets of the night", crime and justice, etc. Soon after its appearance the work was placed on the Index of prohibited books for its unorthodox treatment of the subject and its indecency. The book is an elaboration of Crusius's earlier work Disquisitio de nocte, a 83-page treatise published in 1652. Further editions were published in 1718 (The Hague) and 1735 (Venice). Ad 3. Rare first and only edition of a miscellaneous work on various philological subjects and problems. Some examples are: religion during the Emperors of the Roman Empire, euphemisms regarding death, metaphors, etc. Werner's preface is dated 15 March 1662 and his work is preceded by five laudatory poems by his colleagues: the rector and fellow teachers at the school at Arnstadt. Added is an oration held by the classical philologist Johannes Weitzius (1572-1642) in Gotha on 23 April 1619 on the proverb "never put off till tomorrow what you can do today".
Sachgebiete: Deutschland, Griechenland, Italien, Soziologie, Theologie
RIDINGER, Johann Elias.
Rare complete copy of one of the finest works on quadrupeds, with 127 large plates, beautifully coloured and in fine condition [Drop titles volume 1:] Das in seiner großen Mannigfaltigkeit und in seinen schönen Farben nach Original-Zeichnungen geschilderte Thier-Reich. …| Representations des animaux selon leur grande varieté et leurs belles couleurs suivant des desseins originels … [engraved frontispiece, volume 2:] Das nach original Zeichnungen geschilderte Thier-Reich. | Les animaux representes suivant des desseins originels. [Augsburg, Martin Elias Ridinger & Johann Jacob Ridinger, 1768]. 2 volumes bound as 1. Large folio (43 x 28 cm). Each volume with an engraved frontispiece printed in red (vol. 1 without title showing a medallion portrait of the artist on a plinth, surrounded by wild animals in a sylvan background; vol. 2 with title showing a bear, 3 dogs, a hunting rifle and other equipment before a monument with “2ter Theil.” in a sylvan background) and 63 and 64 engraved illustration plates (plate size 31.5 x 21.5 cm; not numbered, but each volume with a hierarchical table giving the number of plates in each group and the totals 64 and 65 including the frontispieces). Further with an engraved tailpiece, 4 woodcut tailpieces and decorations made from typographic ornaments. The German set in fraktur type and the French in roman with italic headings. With the 127 plates coloured by an early hand. Gold-tooled half calf (ca. 1810?), sewn on 5 recessed cords, but with the spine divided into 7 fields by decorative rolls, gold-tooled red morocco spine label in the 2nd field, a lion in the 1st, a single decoration (incorporating a shell and two asterisks) in the 3rd to 6th, and a small vignette (a mother holding a child, flanked by a pelican and stag, with 2 birds in the air) at the foot of the 7th, sprinkled-paper sides, marbled endpapers (grey Stormont spots with brown, black and green veins, cf. Wolfe 83). Rare complete first edition, in the original German with a French translation, of a classic of zoological illustration, with 127 large plates showing wild and domestic quadrupeds (a few including two or more animals, sometimes from different species), by the south German painter, engraver, draughtsman and publisher Johann Elias Ridinger (1698-1767), born in Ulm and educated and working in Augsburg. His beautiful and by turns charming, grotesque or amusing animal plates in the present series are finely engraved and intended for colouring. The plates show the animals in characteristic poses, sometimes in motion, in (mostly natural) landscapes. A few show animals in captivity or otherwise reveal interactions between humans and animals. Each plate gives the Latin name above and the German and French names below, and gives the numbered family in the book’s hierarchical classification. The tables of the animals shown and described follow this classification, with 10 families, numbered I-V in each volume. The text covers them in numbered groups: 1-23 in vol. 1 and 1-40 in vol. 2, but these numbers do not appear in the tables. Among all Ridinger’s works the plates of the present series are the most sought-after and are considered his finest work. Schwerdt numbers the plates 1-63 and 1-64, at least largely following the order in the book’s own tables, so we use his numbers rather than Thienemann’s. Thienemann (1856) called the book “vollständig wohl nirgends mehr zu finden” and was unable to see 3 plates (vol. 1, plate 15; vol. 2, plates 18 & 32) and Schwerdt (1928) knew only two complete copies: his own and that of Baron Rudolf Ritter von Gutmann (1880-1966) described by Schwarz (1910), with the 18th-century bookplate of Henricus Le Couvreur. There appears to be a complete copy at the Austrian National Library in Vienna. The title of plate 44 in vol. 2 agrees with Schwerdt (Tamandua Phatagin), not with Thienemann (Myrmecophaga; omnium maxima. Phatagin ...). Ridinger set up his own art publishing house in 1723 and later brought his sons Martin Elias (1730-1780) and Johann Jakob (1736-1784) into the firm. Martin drew and engraved some of the plates in the present book. Ridinger died in 1767 with the book still unfinished, but his sons continued the firm, completed the book, signed its texts and no doubt published it themselves. A second edition appeared at Augsburg in 1786 under the title Natturhistprisches Original Thierwerk., with smaller uncoloured plates and an unreliable text. Reprints of the series continued to appear well into the 19th century and served as models for animal images in wall decorations, porcelain and ceramics. The present first edition collates (vol. 1): A-C2 D1 E-G2 2A2 B1 C2 D1 E-F2 = 13, 10 ll.; (vol. 2): A2 B1 C-F2 2A-D2 [E]1 = 11, 9 ll., each volume with the first series of signatures (for the German text) in fraktur and the second (for the French text) in roman. The German table of plates for each volume appears on the last recto in the German series with the French table on the verso, facing A1 in the French series.
Sachgebiete: Deutschland, Illustrierte Bücher, Pferde, Zoologie
SANCTA CLARA, Abraham à.
Virtues and vices in 100 engraved emblems after Casper and Jan Luyken Huy! und Pfuy! der Welt. Huy, oder Anfrischung zu allen schönen Tugenden. Pfuy oder Abschreckung von allen schändlichen Lastern. Durch unterschiedliche sittliche Concept, Historien, und Fabeln vorgestellt. Worinnen der Poet, Prediger, und waserley Standes-Personen für ihren Kram etwas finden können. Nuremberg, Christoph Weigel; Würzburg, Martin Frantz Hertzen, 1707. Folio. With engraved allegorical title-page, letterpress title-page printed in red and black, and 100 engraved emblems in text (measuring 10.5 x 12 cm). Contemporary vellum, manuscript title on spine. First edition of a German emblem book addressing virtues and vices in 100 emblems, compiled by the German preacher Abraham a Sancta Clara (born Johan Ulrich Mergerle; 1644 - 1709). As the title states, the book's purpose is to refresh the reader’s virtues and to deter from vices by way of emblems. The concepts are explained in well-known fables and accessible symbols and allegories, like the sun, moon, fire, sea, weather, seasons, metals, gems, animals etc. Each concept is illustrated in an emblem accompanied by a motto in Latin and a poem in German and Latin. The emblems were engraved by Christoph Weigel after illustrations by Caspar and Jan Luyken from the Ethica Naturalis (ca. 1700). Each emblem is followed by two pages of text explaining the emblem. Sancta Clara was a well-known writer of popular books on devotion. In 1662 he joined the Augustinian order and became a preacher in 1677. Many of his sermons were distributed in the form of pamphlets. Recommending good virtues and warning for vices and slander is often the theme in his works, often told in a satirical way with use of allegories and metaphors. A second edition of this work was published in 1710 and a third in 1725, both in Würzburg by the same publisher.
Sachgebiete: Emblemata, Fabeln, Deutschland, Illustrierte Bücher, Theologie
[SAXONY]. Saxoniae ducum caesarib. creand. viivirum; et caeserorum a Friderico I. ad Christianum II. fratres et agnatos. Genuinae effig: Cum collect. et epigramm. Marci Henningi. A.
265 portraits of celebrities in 10 different editions, from the library of Jean de Boulonois Augsburg, Ex caelatura et officina. Dominicus Custos eiconoge, 1601. Folio. 34 ll. With engraved title-page, full-page map of Saxony and Thüringen in a cartouche, full-page coat of arms of the Saxomian king, and engraved dedication, beautifully engraved head- and tailpieces and 21 engraved portraits (ca. 182 x 128 mm.) of Saxonian monarchs and dukes from Frederik I Bellicosus till Johannes Ernestus II. (2) GENEALOGIA serenissimor. Boiariae ducum et quorundam genuinae effigies. A Wolffg. Kiliano Aug. aeri incisae. Augsburg, Johann Praetorius for Dominicus Custos, 1605. Folio. 16 ll. Engraved title-page, 9 engraved half-page portraits (176x122mm.) by Wolfgang Kilian (1581- Augsburg -1662) who worked for this step-father Dominicus Custos. After Custos's death in 1616 Kilian founded his own printer's shop. Printer's device of Dominicus Custos on the verso of the last leaf. Original edition of these beautiful portraits. (3) HENNINGUS, Marcus. Tirolensium principum comitum ab an. Virg. partus M.CC.XXIX usque ad ann. MDC. genuinae eicones. Singulorum insignia: quorundam emblemata. Augsburg, Johannes Praetorius for Dominicus Custos, 1599. Folio. 38 leaves with the last blank. Engraved title-page, engraved dedication and full-page engraved coat of arms, engaved map of Tirol in cartouche and 28 full-page portraits (ca. 220x140mm.). Original edition of this work on the monarchs of Titol. In the same year there appeared also two editions printed by Johan Schultes for Dominicum Custos. (4) BARLANDUS, Adrianus. Chroniques des ducs de Brabant, composees par adrian Barlande, rhetoricien de Louvain, et nouvellement enriches de leurs figures & pourtraits. Par la despense & vigilance de Jean Bapt. Vrient. Antwerp, Jean Baptist Vrints, 1603. Folio. (18), 192, (6) pp. With engraved coat of arms on the title, engraved dedicatioon, double-page map of Brabant, dated 1599 and 36 full-page portraits (ca. 208x136mm.). First French edition of this historical work by Barlandus (1486-1538) on the dukes of Brabant. The original Latin edition appeared in 1526 under the title Rerum gestarum a Brabantiae ducibus historia. (4) BARLANDUS, Adrianus. Chroniques des ducs de Brabant, composees par adrian Barlande, rhetoricien de Louvain, et nouvellement enriches de leurs figures & pourtraits. Par la despense & vigilance de Jean Bapt. Vrient. Antwerp, Jean Baptist Vrints, 1603. Folio. (18), 192, (6) pp. With engraved coat of arms on the title, engraved dedicatioon, double-page map of Brabant, dated 1599 and 36 full-page portraits (ca. 208x136mm.). First French edition of this historical work by Barlandus (1486-1538) on the dukes of Brabant. The original Latin edition appeared in 1526 under the title Rerum gestarum a Brabantiae ducibus historia. (5) MARTIN, Cornelius. Les genealogies, et anciennes descentes des forestiers et comtes de Flandre, avec brieves descriptions de leurs vies et gestes le tout recueilly des plus veritables, approvees et anciennes croniques et annales qui se trouvent, par Corneille Marti Zelandoys, et ornees de portraicts figures et habitz selon les facons et guises de leurs temps, ainsi quelles ont estie trouvvees es' plus anciens tableaux, par Pierre Balthasar, et par Luimesme, mises en lumiere. Antwerp, Jacques Mesens for Jean Baptist Vrints, 1598. Folio. (6), 120 pp. With engraved title-page, engraved dedication and map of Flandres, 40 full-page portraits (ca. 205x142mm.) and an engraved allegorical plate with an engraved poem by Ch. de Navieres underneath on the last leaf. With poem 'for the reader' by Jan van der Noot. Second edition of this fine series of portraits of the counts and foresters of Flanders. The first edition was printed in Antwerp by A. Bax for Pierre Balthasar in 1580. (6) GALLE, Philippus. Les vies et alliances des comtes de Hollande et Zelande, seigneurs de Frise. Antwerp, Christoffel Plantin for Philippus Galle, 1586. Folio. 75, (3) pp. With title vignette of the Dutch Virgin in an enclosure, engraved by Philippus Galle in 1578 and 36 full-page portraits (ca. 208x122mm) of the counts of Holland and Zealand, engraved, also in 1578, by Philippus Galle after the drawings by Michael Thibaut. Second edition (with a French title-page) of the plates that originally illustrated the famous historical work by Michael Vosmeer: Principes Hollandiae et Zelandiae (Antwerp, Christ. Plantin, 1578) (7) PASSE the elder, Crispijn de. Effigies regum ac principum, eorum scilicet, quorum vis ac potentia in re nautica seu marina prae caeteris spectabilis est ... Summa diligentia et artificio depictae, et tabellis aeneis incisae à Crispiano Passaeo Zelando. Adiectis in singulas hexastichis Matthaeiae Quadi chalcographi. [Cologne, 1598]. (1 quire: 6 leaves with the text in letterpress: 'Initium artis navigandi, eiusque praecipui autores et acto', dated: Coloniae, 1598, ipso die Theophoriae.) With engraved title-page, 4 added engravings of ships and 2 engraved celestial maps (Imagines coeli septentrionales and Meridionales) and the 18 portraits (ca. 138x100mm.)belonging to this edition. Added are the beautiful portrait of Fredrik Henry (Hollstein 728) and a second portrait of Maurits (Hollstein 789, dated 1600) and 2 other portraits, pasted on the versos of two portraits: the portraits of Christian IIII of Denmark and Francis Drake, opposite the portraits of the same men by Van de Passe), most of them signed by Crispijn van de Passe and dated 1595-1598. Added are 27 (out of 51) portaits of political figures and authors from the Low Countries from: (8) GALLE, Philippus. Illustrium Galliae Belgicae scriptorum icones et elogi. Antwerpen, Philippus Galle, 1604. Without a title-page. The portraits (ca. 172x118mm.) are: Viglius Zuichemus (19), Gabriel Mudaeus (20), Franciscus Balduinus (21), Jodocus Damhouder (22), , Jacobus Raevardus (23), Petrus Peckius (24), Joannes Wamesius (25), Joh. Goropius Becanus (31), Joannes Beverus Hanno (34), Erasmus (35b), Augustinus Hunnaeus (35), Patrus Nannius (36), Cornelius Valerius (37), and 38-51 (a.o. Willem Canter (40), Jan Lievens (41), Ogier Ghislain de Busbeck (44), Abraham Ortelius (45), Janus Secundus (46), Nicolaus Grudius (47)), Macopedius (48)). all with engraved poem by Franciscus Raphelengius or A. Miraeus, Jac. Rol, Janus Lernutius and others underneath. (9) GALLE, Philippus. Virorum doctorum de disciplinis benemerentium effigies XLIIII a Philippo Galleo. Antwerp, Philippus Galle, 1572. Engraved title-page, 26 (out of 44) engraved portraits (ca. 175x 123mm.) on large paper. Among the very first works Phillip Galle published at Antwerp were two large series of portraits, indicating that the genre was very dear to him and that he must have held high hopes on its commercial success. One of them is a re-edition of his series of the Virorum doctorum effigies published in Haarlem in 1567 of which, however, no complete copy is known; perhaps it was even never published in his final form. The new and revised compilation of 44 portraits - all of which are engraved by Phillip Galle himself) consists of an engraved title-page with two female personifications holding a banderolle with the inscription 'Sapientiae hominum cultrici P.', referring to the everlasting memory of human wisdom (Sellink, fig. 2,11) and the table of contents with the 'Approbatio' in letterpress. The preface by Galle (2 pp.) is lacking. Then follow 26 (out of 44) portraits with the inscriptions underneath engraved in the copperplates: being the second issue (1572b edition). These verses were by the Spanish humanist Benito Arias Montano. Among the 26 portraits are those of Aeneas Silvius, Benito Arias Montano, Bilibaldus Pirckheimer, Christ. Plantin, Dante, Petrarca, Hadrianus Junius, Bocaccio, Joh. Douza, Joh. Fischer, Louis Vives, Petrus Apianus, Petrus Bembus and Rembertus Dodonaeus. This 1572 edition aims at providing the contemporary reader with a selection of the foremost humanits and scholars of the time. (10) Added are 40 (out of 50) portraits (ca. 17 x 12.5 cm.) from the 1587 edition, the promised supplement to the 1572 edition: nos. 1 (Thomas Aquino). 2, 5, 8-9, 11 (Lamb. Hortensius), 12, 13 (Andreas Scott (both versions), 14-22, 29 (Carolus Clusius), 30-31, 32 (Aldus Manutius), 33-36, 37 (Aretino), 38, 39 (Gerard Mercator), 40 (Seb. Münster), 41-46, 48-50, + Franciscus Simenius, Cardin. Hispaniae. 10 portrait series in 1 volume. Contemporary full brown calf, both sides magnificently tooled in gold with a floral roll along the edges and four cornerpieces, an oval gilt coat of arms in a wreath with the motto 'Ad Aethera virtus' in the centre, spine profusely gilt in compartments and lettered in gold.The coat of arms is of Jean de Boulonois a clergyman from the Collège at Abbeville and so the book was in his possession ('un chevron chargé de trois besants (boules=Boulonnois) acc. de trois étoiles').
Sachgebiete: Deutschland, Geschichte, Kunstgeschichte, Illustrierte Bücher, Sachsen
VADIANUS, Joachim (Joachim von WATT).
With the famous world map Epitome trium terrae partium, Asiae, Africae et Europae compendiariam locorum descriptionem continens, praecipue autem quorum in actis Lucas, passim autem evangelistae & apostoli meminere. Cum addito in fronte libri elencho regionum, urbium, amnium, insularu[m], quorum Novo Testamento fit mentio, quo expeditius pius lector quae velit, invenire queat. Zurich, Christoph Froschauer, 1534. Folio. With woodcut printer's device on title-page, numerous decorated woodcut initials and a double page woodcut world map "Typus cosmographus universalis" after Sebastian Münster. Modern calf. First edition of Vadianus's influential description of the world. Vadianus describes all the continents, seas and islands, regions, mountains and towns of the world, with separate chapters on Europe, Africa, Asia, Palestine and even Paradise, offering a geographical reading of biblical history. In the same year an octavo edition was published (without the map), later followed by several other editions. Joachim Vadianus, or Von Watt (1484-1551) was a famous Swiss mathematician, physician, humanist, reformer, poet and geographer. He belonged to the humanist circle of Conradus Celtis, met Erasmus in Basel several times and edited the works of many classical authors. In the year 1523 he lectured on the "Acts of the Apostles", combining evangelical tenets with his interest in geography, ultimately resulting in this Epitome trium terrae partium, which was published on the basis of a manuscript containing his notes on geography, copied in 1523 by his friend Johannes Kessler and still kept in the City Library of St. Gallen (Vadiana, Ms. 64).
Sachgebiete: Alte Drucke 16. Jahrhundert , Kartographie, Geographie, Geschichte, Landkarten
VERPLANCKE, Jean François, and Karel Aenaes DE CROESER.
Beautifully illustrated heraldic manuscript of the Bruges family Van den Heede Descriptio genealogica antiquissimae nobilisquae familiae nomine Van den Heede. Bruges, 1775 (with additions to 1783). Royal folio in 4s (44 x 28 cm). Manuscript in black and brown ink on paper, nearly every page with a pre-printed letterpress border of rococo fleurons, with illustrations in coloured gouaches and/or watercolour. With an architectural title-page headed by a crowned shield with heraldic decorations as bearing and with the Order of the Golden Fleece, the imprint in a scroll at the foot and the title with the family name in decorated lettering; a frontispiece in grey ink washes (signed “I Lauwers fecit”, apparently Jacobus Johannes Lauwers (1753-1800) in Bruges) with allegorical figures, 14 small coloured coats of arms and a coloured map; and the text illustrated with about 140 coats of arms (including about 8 blank shields), all but 1 of the arms coloured and about 20 full-page and elaborately decorated; 5 full-page manuscript cartouches with text; and a few manuscript headpieces and tailpieces. Further with extensive rococo decorations printed and/or stamped on the leaves, especially on the backs of the double-page illustrations of arms, where they often fill the page with a cross or other design. Seven declarations written in 1775 include live signatures, 17 with the signator’s red wax armorial seal. Contemporary mottled, tanned sheepskin, sewn on 7 cords, richly gold-tooled spine with a red morocco label in the 2nd of 8 compartments, gold-tooled board edges, marbled endpapers, blue sprinkled edges. A beautifully illustrated and extremely detailed account of the genealogy and heraldry of the Flemish Van der Heede family, including many prominent members of that and related families from the 7th century to the time of writing. It includes full-page standing portraits of Lydéric le Buc (600-692), 1st Forester of Flanders, and Louis of Male (1330-1384), 25th Count of Flanders, each with a shield bearing his coat of arms. Lydéric appears with his with hawk and hound, with his helm and glove at his feet; Louis in a full suit of armour and carrying his sword. Besides full-page illustrations showing Van den Heede and the Flanders arms, there are full-page illustrations showing the arms (the shield measuring about 12 x 12 cm, most of them mantled with elaborately knotted ribbons and tassels) of the families Strabant, Voel, Van Overscelde, De Boot, De Raet, De Wijchuyse, Wouters, Van Bassevelde, Van Hertsberghe, Colen, De Clerck, Le Joly, Resteau, Berenger and Adornes. Another full-page illustration shows a woman’s arms (a lozenge showing the Wijckhuyse arms impaled with Borluut arms) with 16 smaller shields (4 along each edge of the lozenge), each with the family name. There are many pairs coats of arms of a husband and wife, representing 26 couples plus 2 additional spouses. The text provides extensive genealogical data and sometimes names a church or tombstone or other source for the image of the coat of arms. The whole is skilfully and artistically executed. Van den Heede had been a prominent Flemish noble family for centuries and included leading citizens of the city of Bruges since at least the 16th century. Jean François Verplancke the elder (1753-1794) was a Bruges genealogist, perhaps a son of the man of that name who headed a Brussels porcelain factory from 1764 to 1772 and father of the Jean François Verplancke fils who published tables of metric conversions in 1803. He addresses his manuscript to Joannis van den Heede and his wife Margareta Voet. A note on the title-page indicates that Verplancke’s manuscript was set in order and augmented Baron Karel Aenaes de Croeser (1746-1828), Heer van ten Berge, who inherited his title from his father in 1775. He adds a note about his own 1783 inheritance of the Voet family chateau and estate on leaf 110 in the modern numbering. In general the manuscript is in quires of 4 leaves, but the title-page, frontispiece and last 2 leaves (blank except for the printed borders) are singletons, several of the double-page spreads are bound in alone, though the paper stock is still one of those used for the other leaves and many show the same printed border, and there are a few other irregularities. The leaves were apparently numbered by a contemporary hand, but only a few numbers survived the binder’s plough (102, 109 and 129, but they suggest an irregular numbering). The modern pencilled numbering begins by pages then changes to leaves with page/leaf 20, but only each 10th page or leaf is numbered (plus the final leaf), so leaf 5 is numbered “10” and leaves 10 to 252 “20” to “262”.
Sachgebiete: Europa, Heraldik, Geschichte, Illustrierte Bücher
WILLIGEN, Adriaan van der.
The travel adventures of a famous book and art collector Aanteekeningen op eene reize van Parijs naar Napels, door het Tirolsche en van daar door Zwitserland en langs den Rhijn terug naar Holland. Haarlem, Adriaan Loosjes, (back of half-title parts 2-4: Utrecht, G. Post), 1811-1813. 4 parts in 2 volumes. Large 8vo (20.5 x 11.5 cm). With an engraved title-page to the first part (with a stipple-engraved medallion portrait of the author by Velyn after a painting by W. Hendriks), 3 individual part-title-pages, and 13 engraved plates by J. P. Visscher Bender (after H. Gotta, J. Grandjean and others, a.o.). Contemporary half calf, gold-tooled spine with orange title-labels. First and only edition of a popular account of a trip from Paris to Naples via Tirol, and from Naples back to the Netherlands by way of Switzerland and along the Rhine, written by the Dutch Adriaan van der Willigen (1766-1841). He made many study trips to Germany, France and Italy, mostly in the company of his friend Chris Evers, to study the art of painting and to visit the most important art collections of early 19th century Europe. He was one of the first art historians and a famous collector of art and books. The engraved plates show Stuttgart, the costumes of Tirol, the amphitheatre in Verona, skating on the lagoon of Venice, a large folding view of Naples, the Lake of Albano, Pompeii, the costumes of Roman peasants, the ruins of the Temple of Peace, costumes of the women of Leghorn, a view of Bologna, a Swiss farmer with a little girl playing an alp-horn, and a view of Frankfurt. Van der Willigen wrote a number of other travel books and a treatise on the causes of the lack of good history painters in the Netherlands and the means to train them. He is best known for his Geschiedenis der vaderlandsche schilderkunst, a history of Dutch painting published in 4 volumes from 1816 to 1840.
Sachgebiete: Österreich, Deutschland, Italien, Schweiz, Reisen/Reiseliteratur